Navratri (2020) : Durga Mata Festival
Navratri festival (2020) is the festival of Durga Mata for people of India. Mainly Hindus which continues for nine nights ( ten days) and every year this festival is celebrated in month of spring and autumn season. This auspicious festival is called Navratri(2020) because it is obeserved for nine nights.
Usually Hindu People Celebrate Navratri four times in a year but post autumn season navratri is the most followed and popular one. This is called Sharada Navratri and it is celebrated in month of September or October usually to honour Goddess Durga Mata.
Navratri (2020) Important Dates
Festival Of Navratri is celebrated four times in a year as provided below:-
1. – SHARADA NAVRATRI – Out of all four Navratri, this one is most popular one followed by autumn season. It is generally seen this Navratri is celebrated after the autumn harvest or during the harvest in particular regions. Sharad Navratri will start from 17th October,2020
2. – VASANTA NAVRATRI – This is the second most celebrated Navratri which is named after the spring season (vasanta). It is generally seen this festival is celebrated after the spring harvest or during the harvest in particular regions. Vasanta Navratri will start from 25th March,2020
3. – MAGHA NAVRATRI – This NAVRATRI is celebrated in winter season (magha) and can also be named Vasant Panchami or Basant Panchami. Goddess Saraswati is served through kite flying, indulging in different kinds of art & culture etc. Kids show their love and role by wearing new clothes. Magha Navratri will start from 25th January,2020.
4. – ASHADA NAVRATRI – It is a least popular Navratri festival and is celebrated at the start of monsoon season (ashada). Ashada Navratri will start from 22nd June,2020
Significance Of Each Navratri Day (2020)
1. – SHAILAPUTRI – This day is associated with incarnation of Parvati and she is worshiped as wife of Lord Shiva. She is clothed in red depicting anger and vigour and can be seen riding a bull with trishula in her right hand and lotus in her left hand.
2. – BRAHMACHARINI – This day is associated with incarnation of Goddess Parvati or unmarried self. She is seen holding japamala and kamandal in her hands which symbolise peace and calm . Blue colour is the colour code of this day as she is depicted walking barefeet which clealy shows strenth and power.
3. – Chandraghanta – On the day of marriage with LORD Shiva , Goddess Parvati can be seen wearing half moon on her forehead . She is the queen of beauty and is also symbolic of bravery. Yellow colour is the colour code of this day which is vivacious colour depicting woman’s strength.
4. – Kushmanda – This Day is associated with Goddess Kushmanda who is considered to be creative power of universe. Green Colour is colour code of this day and Goddess Kushmanda can be seen with eight arms sitting on a tiger.
5. – Skandmata – This day is associated with Goddess Skandmata who is the mother of Lord Skanda. And it is believed that she rode a lion while holding a baby when her child is in danger. Grey colour is the colour code of this day which symbolise the strength of a mother.
6. – Katyayani – Katyayani is an incarnation of Durga and is aslo known as Goddess of warrior and can be seen with four arms riding a lion. She reveals courage and Orange is the colour code of this day.
7. – Kalaratri – On this day most voilent form of Goddess Parvati can be seen when she is seen removing her white skin to kill demons like Nisumbha and Sumbha. Her skin transformed to black appearing to be Goddess Durga and a lot of anger is seen in her burning eyes. Hence, the colour of the day is white.
8. – Mahagauri – Mahagauri is associated with intelligence and peace and colour code of this day is Pink.
9. – Sidhidatri – On the last day of Navratri people worship Goddess Sidhidatri who can be seen sitting on a lotus with four hands. She is believed to possess all kinds of sidhis depicting wisdom and is also referred as Goddess Saraswati . The colour of this day is light blue symbolizing nature’s beauty.
Navratri (2020) Celebrations Across States
North Eastern and Eastern States.
In North Eastern and Eastern States , Navratri is termed as Durga Puja particularly in West Bengal . It is believed that devil Mahishasura worshipped Lord Shiva and had attained enough power so he went on the path of voilence. Three great Lords Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva combined their powers and created Goddess Durga Mata to protect the world from Mahishasura.
Mahishasura was attracted towards Goddess Durga Mata and wanted to marry her. Goddess Durga Mata tricked the demon by making a condition with him that if he could defeat her. Then she will happily marry him. So the battle lasted for about nine nights and at the last Demon was killed.
It is seen that during these days Hindus go to temples to worship their ancestors, commit themselves to walk on the path of lords and to eliminate every kind of negative energy surrounding them. As Goddess Durga Mata killed the demon Mahishasaura. People also tell the ancestral stories to their children so they can differentiate between the evil and good and can worship the Lord Goddess Mata.
On the tenth day (Vijayadashami) people cover their faces with vermilion colour. In order to bid ceremonial farewell to Goddess Durga Mata. The clay statues are then immersed in water, with the tears in eyes of devotees waiting for the next year to come. They happily distribute sweets to people.
Northern and Western States
Navratri is also termed as Dussehra to celebrate the victory of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana. People also participate in various kinds of plays within the temple premises which lasts for an uninterrupted period of nine days. On the tenth day Dussehra, burning of the huge statues of Ravana, Meghanada , and Kumbhkarna can be seen in order to celebrate the victory of Lord Ravana. People also lit their home with candles and diyas in order to eliminate darkness from the society.
- BIHAR. – Ramanavami fairs are also held in the various parts of Bihar. In order to facilitate the trade practices of kitchenware, pottery and handicrafts.
- GUJARAT. – People generally fast for about nine complete days by only taking liquid foods.They are also involved in Garba and dance practices during Navratri festival.
- GOA. – Makharotsav festival is celebrated on the last day of Navratri where a large crowd is attracted. People involve themselves in singing devotional songs and also perform traditional dance.
- MAHARASHTRA. – The Ghatasthapana is a common celebration in the state of Maharashtra. People filled a copper jar with water on a heap of rice supported by a wooden stool. Agricultural symbols such as grains, coconut is also placed with jar and a lamp is so lit to symbolize prosperity.
Festivals are celebrated in southern states over the victories of different Goddesses .
- KARNATAKA. – Dasara is the state festival of Karnataka followed by lighting up of lamps and diyas. Mysuru Dasara is the most celebrated Dasara and Mysore eleplant procession is also popular one. On the seventh day Saptami, sacred books and books of children are kept for puja and books are worshipped on the 10th day Vijayadashami.
- KERALA. – In Kerala books are worshipped on the last day of NAVRATRI and the children are first allowed to read or write. People keep the religious books in temple and chant the religious mantras in order to pray to almighty.
TAMIL NADU. – In Tamil Nadu a setup of Kolu display takes place where Golu dolls are beautifully decorated in the homes of devotees. People visit each other to see the decorated displays and usually exchange sweets between them.
- TELANGANA. – In Telangana , creation of artistic flowers takes place depicting Goddesses like Durga, Lakshmi & Saraswati . Dandiya Night is also held where people perform traditional dance and Garba . Bathukamma celebrations are generally seen where a lamp is light on the top. Every night Bathukamma is immersed in nearby rivers or ponds and a new Bathukamma is made on the very next day.
Navratri celebrations across world
The Hindu communities in different parts of world like Thailand, Nepal and Malaysia with much energy being proud of their ancestors. Celebrations on Navratri festival across the world is visible through social media. It’s a great pride for Hindus that our festival is celebrated worldwide.